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Robotic Heart Surgery

Today, robotically assisted heart surgery has changed the way certain heart surgeries are being performed.

Robotic heart surgery, also called closed-chest heart surgery, is a type of minimally invasive heart surgery that allows cardiac surgeons to perform complex heart operations through a smaller opening. The surgery also helps decrease surgical stress and minimizes blood loss, as well as offers patients a shorter hospital stay and faster recovery.

In this technically advanced heart surgery, the cardiac surgeons use a specially designed surgical robotic system which consists three parts- a console, robotic arms and an instrument tower containing tiny camera.

While performing the surgery, the surgeon sits at the computer console to remotely control thin robotic arms outfitted with surgical equipment and a tiny camera (endoscope) through which the surgeons view a three-dimensional image of the area being operated on.

The robotic arms mimic the surgeon’s hand, wrists, and finger movements as the surgeon controls them remotely from the system console.

The da Vinci machine, built by Intuitive Surgical Inc., and the Zeus Surgical System, by Computer Motion, California, USA, are the two surgical robotic systems that are currently used in place of hand-operating instruments.

Robotically Assisted Heart Surgery Procedures

The cardiac conditions that can be treated with the use of robotic assistance include:

Endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
Totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB)
Tricuspid valve repair and replacement
Mitral valve repair or replacement
Combined mitral and tricuspid valve surgery
Atrial septal defect (ASD)
Atrial myxoma and thrombi
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) repair
Removal of cardiac tumors
Lead placement on the surface of the left ventricle during a biventricular pacemaker
Ablation for the treatment of atrial fibrillation
Cardiac and thoracic tumors
Mediastinal mass excision
Epicardial lead placement

Benefits

Less post-operative pains
Substantially smaller and less-traumatic incisions
Less scarring
Reduced trauma to the body
Low risk of wound infection
Eliminates the need for splitting the breastbone (sternum) and spreading the ribs
Reduced blood loss and fewer transfusions
Shorter hospital stays (3 to 5 days)
Faster recovery and quicker return to daily activities and lifestyles